Speaking of beach tourism in Yogyakarta, Parangtritis Beach will be the first to pop in our mind.The beach in the southern coastal area of Java Island is indeed popular. Most tourist spend their time at Parangtritis during their visit in Yogyakarta. no wonder that this beach become the tourism icon of special region of Jogjakarta.
The Parangtritis itself has an interesting history. Once, it was said that a fugitive of Majapahit Empire named Dipokusumo mediated in this are. In his mediation he saw water droping (tumaritis in Javanese laguage) from fissure of rocks (parang in Javanese language). Then he named the area Parangtritis which means water droping from rocks.
Parangtritis maybe not as beautiful as the other beach in Bali or Gunungkidul. But this doesn't trouble tourist. Every weekend or holiday season, parang tritis is crowded with visitor.People believe that Parangtritis Beach belong to the territory of the Queen of the South Sea or better know as Nyai Roro Kidul. According to the local belief, Nyai Roro Kidul likes green color, it sugest that tourists who visit Parangtritis avoid wearing green clothes.
The line of beach along Yogyakarta south coastthat strected east to west is realy a special attraction for tourist. Each of the beach offer distinctive feature such as seafood, breath taking, sunset scene, white sand and many other.
And so is Baron Beach, like other beach in the shoreline, this beach is just as beautiful. Baron Beach offer exquisite scenery and appetizing seafod. No wonder that tourist love this beach more than nearby Siung and Sundak Beach. Baron Beach can even be compared to famous beautiful beach of other areas like Parangtritis, Depok, and Glagah for instance.
Baron Beach is situated in Gunung Kidul Regency, pricesely in kemadang vilage, Tanjung Sari district. Just as the other beaches in the Southern Coastal edge of yogyakarta, the waves in Baron are Huge at times so tourist should not cross the given safe line and must be careful in the water.
Yogyakarta Royal Palace
The history of Yogyakarta Sultanate started in 1558, That year Ki Ageng Pamanahan was granted Mataram area by the Sultan of Pajang after his service in helping Pajang Kingdom defeat Arya Pangansang. Ki Ageng Pamanahan was the son of Ki Ageng Ngenis or grandson of Ki Ageng Selo, a prominent islamic religious leader from Selo, Grobogan. in 1577, Ki Ageng Pamanahan setup his palace in Pasargede, or also known as Kotagede. Staying in the area, Ki Ageng Pamanahan remainaed faithful to the Sultan of Pajang. he died in 1584 and was buried in an area west of Kotagede Mosque.
In 1588, Mataram became an independent kingdom with Sutawijaya as the ruler entitled Senapati Ingalaga Sayidin Panataga. He was better known as Panembahan Senapati, denoting that he was and army commander and religious leader in the same time. During Sultan Agung reign, Mataram Kingdom underwent development in politics, military, art , literature, and religious life. After Sultan Agung death, Mataram Kingdom saw considerable degeneration in it self that rooted in the royal family internal dispute and conflict.The conflict reach it's climax on february 13 th 1755 with the signing of Gianty Treaty which parted Mataram Kingdom into two, Surakarta Sunanate and Yogyakarta Sultanate.
Yogyakarta Royal Palace is the center for Javanese culture that still exist today. Yogyakarta Royal Palace was set up by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. Inside the Palace, there are number of building, each has it names and function. There are also room for the royal heirlooms library that keeps ol manuscript, and photography museum that keep tens of photos of Yogyakarta ruler as well as their family and relatives. Some traditional ceremonies are perform in regular basis in the palace. among the ceremony are Jamasan and grebeg maulud. The Sultan and family live inside the palace complex, in a section called Keraton Kilen.
Ceremony of Grebeg Keraton Jogjakarta
Grebeg Keraton Yogyakarta is a traditional ceremony performed as manifestation of Sultan duty to spread and protect Islam. The ceremony, better also known as Grebeg , was initiated by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I (1755- 1792).
The name Grebeg it self is derived from the process of miyos, the moment when the sultan and the rest of the royal family come out of the palace to bestow the gunungan ( aheap of various food served in a cone shape) to the people. The sound of the royal family steps is likened to the sound of a strong wind garebeg... garebeg...garebeg.
Garebeg is held three times in a year on islamic holiday. There are three kind of garebeg, namely syawal, Garebeg Maulud, Garebeg Besar. garebeg syawal is performed as a from of Keratos's gratitude to God after finishing the month of fasting and also to welcomethe month of Syawal. Grebeg Maulud is performed as a celebration and commemoration of birth of Prophet Muhamad SAW while Grebeg Besar is to celebrate Eid al-Adha which takes place in the month of Dzulhijjah which in Javanese calendar known as Bulan Besar